In 1965, Taal erupted, leading to the recognition of base surges during volcanic eruptions. According to volcanocafe.org, this photo was taken by the geologist responsible for seismic monitoring. He fled by boat, and took this picture looking back. Credit: volcanocafe.org

In 1965, Taal erupted, leading to the recognition of base surges during volcanic eruptions. According to volcanocafe.org, this photo was taken by the geologist responsible for seismic monitoring. He fled by boat, and took this picture looking back. Credit: volcanocafe.org

In 1965, Taal erupted, leading to the recognition of base surges during volcanic eruptions. According to volcanocafe.org, this photo was taken by the geologist responsible for seismic monitoring. He fled by boat, and took this picture looking back. Credit: volcanocafe.org

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Alka Tripathy-Lang, PhD

Alka Tripathy-Lang is a freelance science writer based in Chandler, Arizona, and holds a Ph.D. in geoscience.
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