Snapshots of a simulated earthquake from Lozos’ model. Each panel shows (in seconds) how earthquake waves negotiate a change in dip from vertical to inclined at 60 degrees. The change in dip is sharper in the panels on the right (over 20 kilometers), comparable to over 30 kilometers on the left. Stronger color in the 11.6 and 13.3 second snapshots on the left correspond to rupture proceeding more quickly and with more energy than in the 20 kilometer case. (from Lozos et al. 2021).