Legislation to reduce threat of wildfires blocked in Senate

By David Jacobson, Temblor

Check your hazard rank

The Thomas Fire in Southern California was the largest modern wildfire in California’s history, claiming over 280,000 acres. (Photo by: Mario Tama/Getty Images)

 

The most expensive fire season on record

Last year was the most expensive fire season in United States history. Just in California, from January 1 to December 31, over 9,000 fires burned more than 1.2 million acres. Over the course of the fiscal year (Oct. 2016 – Sept. 2017), the U.S. Forest Service spent $2.4 billion on fire suppression, $800 million more than Congress allocated. These numbers also pale in comparison to the total cost of wildfires, where in California estimates approach $200 billion. Because of the havoc fires have wreaked across the nation, members of Congress have been trying, without success, to incorporate legislation aimed at reducing the threat of large wildfires.

Over $2.4 billion was spent on fire suppression in the 2017 fiscal year, $800 million more than had be allocated. (Photo from: Los Angeles Times)

 

Roadblocks to a resolution

While last week it appeared as if sides were close, according to an article written yesterday for Oregon Public Broadcasting, “last-minute roadblocks kept a tentative deal from being included in the budget bill Congress passed last week to keep the federal government open.” This comes despite the fact that both parties agreed that the U.S. Forest Service needs relief from the ever-increasing costs of fighting fires. Furthermore, Senator Maria Cantwell from Washington said that a bipartisan group agreed that there is a need to “treat the most-at-risk parts of the national forests before they burn up, and do so in a way that is supported by science.” To watch an excellent short informational video about the concern of wildfires, click here.

This second part of what was initially agreed upon is vital for preventing catastrophic wildfires as it often involves cutting down dead trees. In California alone, there are over 100 million dead trees, which in fires, behave like matchsticks. Because now over 50% of the Forest Service’s budget is spent on fighting fires, much less goes into fire prevention, leading Democrats like Senator Ron Wyden from Oregon to call for the cost of fighting fires to be transferred to the nation’s disaster budget. This is currently not done because most wildfires are not considered natural disasters by the federal government. Senator Wyden said that “shoddy budgeting today leads to bigger fires tomorrow, and that needs to stop.” Additionally, he pointed out that, “the idea of ripping off prevention, which you need most, just defies common sense.”

While this NASA photo appears to show merely fall colors, it actually shows numerous dead trees across a California hillside. This photo, taken in the Sierra Nevadas illustrates how a drought from 2013-2015 killed over 10 million trees (Potter, 2016). Now, across all of California, there are over 100 million dead trees, which, during a fire, behave like matchsticks. Removing such trees is one of the goals at reducing the threat of catastrophic wildfires across the country.

 

At the heart of the issue is how federal lands that are prone to fires should be managed. While Republicans want to ease environmental rules to permit larger commercial timber harvests on federal land, but Democrats worry that rolling back such protections will threaten wilderness areas with commercial activity. So, the bill remains blocked, leading Senator Wyden to say that House Speaker Paul Ryan had “slapped Oregonians and Westerners in the face by blocking us from pursuing a fire fix that will prevent deadly wildfires.”

 

Wildfires will continue

While Congress will continue to attempt to come to an accord on this issue in the coming weeks, the goal of mitigating the effects of wildfires remains an important topic. Today, fire seasons are longer, they are more intense, and more people live close to forests susceptible to wildfire. Therefore, understanding and combating the risks associated with wildfires is vital to preventing such future disasters.

 

References

Oregon Public Broadcasting (OPB)

Accuweather

United States Forest Service

Christopher S Potter, Landsat Image Analysis of Tree Mortality in the Southern Sierra Nevada

Region of California during the 2013-2015 Drought, Journal of Earth Science & Climatic Change, 2016, 7:3, http://dx.doi.org/10.4172/2157-7617.1000342

NASA